This course will provide an in-depth look at the transformation of Republican Rome to Imperial Rome. Starting with a look at the structure of the Roman Republic, we will then jump forward to look at Rome’s conflict with Carthage and the impact Rome’s expansion had on the Republic. Our study of this period will rely heavily on reading translations of the primary source material. We will use the writings of Polybius, Cicero, and others as our main textual guides, but will also look at what material culture can provide. In addition, we will look at the rich scholarly debate on this period and how this period is relevant in our modern lives. Prerequisite: open to students in the Fifth and Sixth Form; students in the Fourth Form may enroll upon completion of Ancient and Medieval History or with departmental approval.